Wary of Mainstream Medicine, Immigrants Seek Remedies From Home
 
Eliseo Trinidad, left, the owner of La 21 Division Botanica in the Bronx, with a customer.
Hiroko Masuike / The New York Times
By RICHARD SCHIFFMAN
November 13, 2015
 
On a recent afternoon, Ina Vandebroek was poking around the shelves of La 21 Division Botanica on the Grand Concourse in the Bronx. Its narrow aisles were crammed with thousands of votive candles, herbal potions and brightly colored plaster statues of saints.
 
Dr. Vandebroek, a Belgian-born ethnobotanist, paused to gaze at herb-infused oils. The vials had names like Amor Prohibido (“Forbidden Love”), for those in search of adventure, and Conquistador, for the timid — both of them big sellers. Bendicion de Dinero Al Hogar (“A Blessing for Money in the House”), which comes in a spray, is also popular. But Dr. Vandebroek was not there to jump-start a flagging love life or curry the favor of spirits. La 21 Division is a regular stop for her, a mile or so from her laboratory at the New York Botanical Garden, where she is the assistant curator of economic botany.
 
She is conducting a multiyear study of the folk remedies sold in New York’s botanicas, more than 100 emporiums that offer products for all that ails the body, mind and soul to a clientele mainly consisting of Latino and Caribbean immigrants. She is compiling guides in English and Spanish describing the plants and their uses. Her goal is to promote “culturally effective and sensitive health care” for a community that is chronically underserved by mainstream medicine.
 
“I came to NYC in 2005 and expected immigrants from the Caribbean to use very few plants for health care because most of the medicinal plants they know from their home countries don’t grow here,” she said in an email. Instead, she was amazed to find that Dominicans in New York, for example, use more than 200 plant species for medicinal purposes.
Ina Vandebroek, an ethnobotanist with the New York Botanical Garden, is preparing a guide about medicinal plants and their uses.
Hiroko Masuike / The New York Times
 
The guide, to be published next year by the Botanical Garden, will include precautions on potential side effects and toxicity. Dr. Vandebroek hopes that people will take the guide with them when they visit their doctors to help initiate a dialogue, and alert them to possible adverse interactions with pharmaceutical drugs.
 
Dr. Vandebroek has conducted field work in the Caribbean and consulted with local experts like Eliseo Trinidad, the owner of La 21 Division. Mr. Trinidad, 63, slim and youthful, attributed his health (and the fact that he does not have a single gray hair on his head) to his lifelong use of herbs. “People know a lot more about natural healing today than when I started the business 20 years ago,” he said. “Our sales of plant products have tripled.”
 
Mr. Trinidad, who was born in the Dominican Republic, pointed to packets containing dried herbs from Peru: There was horse tail (Equisetum giganteum) for bladder problems; palo de Brazil (Caesalpinia brasiliensis) for cleansing the kidney; and anamu (Petiveria alliacea) for fevers and arthritis. He said the botanica business is highly seasonal. With winter approaching, remedies containing bitter orange, lemongrass and guanabana, which are thought to ward off colds, are selling well.
Among the oils sold at La 21 Division Botanica in the Bronx.
Hiroko Masuike / The New York Times
 
In a narrow refrigerated room at the back of the shop, Dr. Vandebroek took down from a shelf a bag of plant stems with floppy banana-shaped leaves attached, flown in fresh from the Dominican Republic. “Insulina,” she said, adding that the plant (Costus igneus), closely related to ginger, is used by people with diabetes to lower blood glucose levels. But does it work? One study involving rodents said yes; another study said no. And insulina has not yet been tested on human subjects. As with so many other plant-based medicines, questions remain about insulina’s effectiveness.
 
Scientific uncertainty, however, need not depress sales: According to the World Health Organization, 80 percent of people in the developing world use medicinal plants as part of their own care.
 
“A lot of medical research still needs to be done,” said Dr. Vandebroek, adding that until the 19th century, physicians were generally botanists as well. According to a 2012 study published by the National Institutes of Health, nearly half of all new drugs approved for use in the past 30 years were developed from natural sources, mainly plants.
 
Traditional knowledge of plants often fades as people move to cities. But the opposite is happening in New York’s immigrant communities, where the latest wave of people from Mexico and Central America and Dominicans, Puerto Ricans and Jamaicans have been comparing notes on using herbs and foods as medicines.
 
“You go to a Latino grocery store,” Dr. Vandebroek said, “and you overhear someone on the checkout line talking about, say, cucumber being good for hypertension.”
 
But she added, “People are sometimes afraid to talk to doctors about their use of plants.” Beyond the language barrier for Spanish-speaking patients, there is the perception that medical professionals frown upon herbal remedies.
 
Dr. Vandebroek asked botanica users if they believe there are conditions that doctors do not understand or cannot cure. Nearly 80 percent said yes. Caribbean therapies often target maladies that have no equivalents in conventional medical diagnosis, she said, like empacho (gastrointestinal blockage).
 
Dr. Vandebroek said many Dominicans believed that drugs merely hid the pain of disease but did not cure it. Herbs were thought to expel the root causes of illness.
 
Michele Dominguez, a 33-year-old Bronx resident who has worked at La 21 Division Botanica for five years, said many people came because of money problems. “They tell us, ‘What can I use when I go to the casino?’ We tell them, ‘O.K., you can’t just take an herb or burn a candle and get money. You need to pray, you need to cleanse your body, your spirit of negative auras, of anything that may be blocking you.’”
 
Eline Trinidad, a 32-year-old nurse from Orlando, Fla., who was visiting her family in the Bronx (and who is not related to the botanica’s owner), has made such cleansing a part of her routine. When she is feeling stressed, she boils medicinal plants and bathes in the water.
 
Ms. Trinidad saw no contradiction between her use of herbs and her career in mainstream medicine. “I believe the two systems can work hand in hand,” she said. “But not all doctors understand.”
 
With the help of a $130,000 grant from the Cigna Foundation, the Botanical Garden offers training for doctors to help them better understand their patients’ cultural beliefs. So far, 740 medical students and practicing physicians have gone to the garden’s tropical conservatory to learn about medicinal plants and to participate in role-playing exercises. “It is all about promoting increased trust between health care providers and their patients,” Dr. Vandebroek said.
 
Issues of trust and culture are not the only things that have made some immigrants leery of mainstream medicine. Doctors’ visits are expensive, and herbs, selling for a few dollars a bag, are cheaper than prescription drugs.
 
According to a study by the Commonwealth Fund, 43 percent of Hispanics in the United States do not have a primary personal care physician or health provider. More than one-third lack health insurance, nearly double the rate for blacks and triple that for white Americans.
 
High costs and cultural differences have created a troubling disconnect between many Hispanics and the health care system. It is a rift that Dr. Roger Chirurgi, program director for the emergency medicine residency for the New York Medical College at Metropolitan Hospital Center in Manhattan, would like to heal.
 
“There’s a lot of people who we’ll see at repeat visits, and they’ve never taken their medicine,” Dr. Chirurgi said. “That’s why I’ve been taking my residents to the Botanical Garden for the past three years, to try to become more culturally sensitive and to be able to break through that barrier.”
 
Dr. Chirurgi now routinely asks patients if they are using herbals when he takes their medical history. He worries about the dangers of unregulated remedies that lack dosage guidelines and scientific evidence of their efficacy. “I want to make sure that they are safe, and don’t interact with the drug that I am prescribing,” he said. Still, he conceded that herbals may be helpful, if only as placebos. “If you believe that something will work,” he said, “it may actually work in some cases.”
 
http://mobile.nytimes.com/2015/11/15/nyregion/wary-of-mainstream-medicine-immigrants-seek-remedies-from-home.html?mwrsm=Facebook&_r=0&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fm.facebook.com%2F

 

links | Wie ben ik? Who am I? | OOR4U Guilde | Information on vaccinations on this website: | Information on cancer on this website | Naturally, Happily, Healthily, Toxin Free Diet and Care (e4dc) | Voorwoord en Inleiding Geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid, en contactgegevens Scentses | | Wat is geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid en Waarom worden bij geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid sommige suikers wel en andere niet verdragen? | Wat is suiker? Bouw van suikers/koolhydraten | Snelle en langzame suikers | Bloedsuikerspiegel en hormonen | Wat is het verschil tussen tot nu toe omschreven hypoglykemie en geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid? | Het verschil tussen hypo's en hypers bij suikerziekte , bij hypoglykemie en die bij geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid. Waarom blijft de adrenaline reactie aanhouden?Hoe is het mogelijk dat er zo snel na geraffineerdesuiker inname al een reactie plaat | Verschillende soorten hypoglykemie en andere hormoongebonden complicaties bij geraffineerde koolhydraten vertering/opname en bloedsuiker instandhouding Overeenkomsten en Verschillen tussen Geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid en ADHD | Kunstmatige suikers | Geraffineerdesuikergevoeligheid in de praktijk | Gewoon Genietend Gifvrij Gezond dieet en verzorging (G4dv) | Waarom is de informatievoorziening over E-nummers en plotselinge extreme humeurigheid na inname van geraffineerde suiker zo gebrekkig?Misinformatie en schijnonderzoeken over plotselinge extreme humeurigheid na inname van geraffineerde suikerInformatieve | Informatievervuiling: Onwetendheid, Slordigheid, of Opzettelijke Misleiding? | Conclusie | Bronverwijzingen | Bijlagen 1 t/m 7monosachariden, 2. Disachariden, 3 polyol, 4 producten met aspartaam, 5 Giftige E nummers in degelijk lijkende produkten, 6 Safety card Natronloog of te wel E524, toevoeging van sommige cacao merken!, 7 Soja, | Appendix 7a Sucralose | Bijlage 8 Vitaminen, Mineralen, Sporenelementen, Eiwitten, Vetten, Koolhydraten in Voedingsmiddelen, Kruiden | Bijlage 9 Himalayazout | Bijlage 10 Toxic Ingredients You Should Avoid | Bijlage 11 Bijwerkingen Ritalin(Methylfenidraat) | Bijlage 12 Aspartaam, hoe een stof wat gaten in de hersens van muizen brandt veilig voor menselijke consumptie werd bevonden. | Bijlage 13 Hypoglycemia | Bijlage 14 Budwig | Bijlage 14a Geitenmelk: waarom het lichter verteerbaar is dan koemelk | Bijlage 15 E nummers | Bijlage 16 Cadeaus om te vermijden | Bijlage 17: Dieetmaatregelen tegen kanker | Bijlage 18 "Hoe tanden in elkaar zitten." | Bijlage 19 kankercellen uitroeien door suikers te vervangen door gezonde vetten | bijlage 20 meer over kankergenezing | bijlage 21 Zuurzak Soursop | Bijlage 22 Crisis en oplossingen: roggker=recht op gezondheid, geluk, kennis en rechtvaardigheid | Bijlage 23 Milieuschandalen (hier stond eerst de G4dv, die is verplaatst naar de beginpagina) | Bijlage 24 Het Echte Nieuws over gif in het milieu | Bijlage 24 a Hout | Bijlage 25 vooronderzoek G4dieet | Bijlage 26 Vooronderzoek TVtandpasta | Bijlage 27 Voorbeelden van de denkfout in de Westerse Medische Wetenschap, waardoor ze steeds de plank misslaan als het aankomt op bepalen wat gezonde voeding is: Calcium en beta caroteen | Bijlage 28 Kruiden | Bijlage 29 Vitamines, Mineralen, eiwitten, vetten em koolhydraten | Bijlage 30 Gevaar van magnetron en vooral van in voedsel in plasticbakken verwarmen | bijlage 31 Schema voedingsmiddelen:vitamines, mineralen, eiwitten, vetten en koolhydraten | Bijlage 32 Schema Bedenkelijke stoffen, E-nummers, toevoegingen, giffen | Gifvrij dieet en Gifvrije verzorging | Bijlage 33 kankerbestrijding | bijlage 34 Het gevaar van pinda's | Bijlage 35 Proteïnen in yoghurt | Bijlage 36 Eten uit de natuur | Bijlage 37 Superfoods: a.Aloë Vera, b.Omega 3-6-9 olie, c.Kefir, d.Kombucha, e.Yoghurt, f.Cranberrysap,g. Gember, h.walnoten, i. zonnebloempitten, j. bosbessen, k.zeewier, l.wortelsap, m.ginkgobiloba,n. guldenroede, o.peu dárco, p. driekleurig | Bijlage 37 a. Aloe Vera | Bijlage 38 The Problem with Wheat | Bijlage 39 Himalaya Zout vs De rotzooi die voor zout doorgaat | Bijlage 40 Benefits of Goats milk over Cows milk | Bijlage 41 The problem with most vegetable oils and margarine | bijlage 42 for healthy bones calcium, vitamin D, vitamine k2, magnesium, trace elements | Bijlage 43 The dangers of acrylamide (carbohydrates baked above 210 degrees Celcius) | Bijlage 44 Gevaren van plastic, aluminium en andere verpakkingsmaterialen | bijlage 45 Dangers of Fishoil and better sources for omega 3 | bijlage 46 fruit tegen kanker (aardbeien, cranberries etc) | bijlage 47 Hoog tijd voor een nieuwe schijf van 5 | bijlage 48 Uitleg hoe inentingen autisme veroorzaken door glutamaat productie in de hersenen te stimuleren wat schadelijk is voor de hersenen en voor de hersen ontwikkeling | bijlage 49 Korte Geschiedenis van Monsanto, pagina van Dr Mercola± In Amerika vechten ze voor wat hier heel gewoon is±etiketten waar op staat wat er in voedsel zit. | Bijlage 50 Nep ADHD diagnoses | Bijlage 51 Vrouw vertelt over uitgelekt NASA document over oorlog tegen de mensheid | bijlage 52 Bij medicijn dat zogenaamd cholesterol verlaagd juist 52$ hogere kans op plak in de aderen rondom het hart/ 52@ higher chance of heart plaque when tajking certain cholesterol lowering medicines. | Bijlage 53 Welke oliën zijn veilig om te verhitten? | Bijlage 54 Dr Mercola over Genetisch Gemanipuleerd voedsel"de tekenen dat de hegemonie van Monsanto begint te tanen | bijlage 55 Dr Mercola: genetisch gemanipuleerd voedsel: ontworpen om insecten te doden, maar het maakt ook onze cellen kapot. | Bijlage 56 Dr Mercola Alzeheimer detectie methode, en g4dv ook preventief voor Alzheimer | Bijlage 57 Het einde van het antibiotisch tijdperk aangebroken door toenemend aantal antibiotica resistente bacteriën, Ook hierop is de g4dv een antwoord. | Bijlage 58 Vaccinaties gaan om geld, niet om ziektebestrijding | Bijlage 59 Artikel Dr. Mercola over kankerverwekkende zaken in persoonlijke verzorgings- en huishoud producten | Bijlage 60 Dr. Mercola: Pesticiden kunnen neurologische schade aanrichten, gebruik liever etherische olie voor huisdieren en plant liever goudsbloem in de tuin | Bijlage 61 5 miljoen chronisch zieken in Nederland, zorg VS ook waardeloos | Bijlage 62 Gevaar vaccinaties | Bijlage 63: Gevaren antibiotica in vlees (artikel va Dr. Mercola) | Bijlage 64: Gevaren Testosteron behandeling | Bijlage 65 transvetten zijn de boosdoeners, verzadigde vetten zijn juist goed! (Dr Mercola) | Bijlage 66: Hippocrates Health Institute | Bijlage 68:NVWA hoge boetes voor gezondheidsclaims | Bijlage 69: Voor een gezond hart heb je gezonde vetten nodig | Bijlage 70 Eieren moet je bewaren op kamer temeratuur, niet in de koelkast! | Bijlage 71: Gevaren van niet gefilterd water | Bijlage 67:Boetes voor het zeggen dat iets buiten de farmaceutische industrie gunstig voor de gezondheid is | Bijlage 72 Vitamine D bronnen | Bijlage 73 Chiazaad voedingsinformatie | Bijlage 74: Voordelen van gefermenteerd voedsel | Bijlage 75 9 voedingsmiddelen die je nooit moet eten | Bijlage 76 Top 10 artikelen van Dr. Mercola van 2013 | Bijlage 77: Dr Mercola: De beste wapens tegen griep. | bijlage 78 The secret of longevity | bijlage 79 Het Grote Vaccinatie Debat 15 december 2013 | Bijlage 80 Lead Developer Of HPV Vaccines Comes Clean, Warns Parents & Young Girls It?s All A Giant Deadly Scam | Biijlage 81 How Grazing Cows Can Save the Planet, and Other Surprising Ways of Healing the Earth | Bijlage 82 De Verborgen Gevaren van Vaccinaties | Bijlage 83 CDC Admits as Many as 30 Million Americans Could be at Risk for Cancer Due to Polio Vaccine | Bijlage 84 We hebben 100 keer meer microben dan cellen in ons lichaam. De meeste helpen ons. Zullen we hun ook helpen? | Bijlage 85 Belang van licht en slaap | Bijlage 86 Artikel Dr Mercola over vergissingen in voeding die tot voedings tekorten leiden. | Bijlage 87 In Amerika beïnvloedt Junkfoodindustrie diëtistenopleidingen | bijlage 88 Dr Coldwell: Elke kanker kan in 2 tot 16 weken genezen worden | Bijlage 89: Want to Know over Tetanus | Bijlage 90: Dr. Russel Blaylock | Bijlage 91 Wat zijn opvliegers? | Bijlage 92, Dr Mercola: One in 25 Patients End Up with Hospital-Acquired Infections, CDC Warns | Bijlage 93 Dr Mercola Toxic Combo of Roundup and Fertilizers Blamed for Tens of Thousands of Deaths | Bijlqge 94 New Studies Show Optimizing Vitamin D Levels May Double Chances of Surviving Breast Cancer, Lower LDL Cholesterol, and Helps Prevent Autism | Bijlage 95, Dr.Mercola: How Vitamin D Performance Testing Can Help Optimize Your Health | Bijlage 96: Be Wary About This Food - It Can Wreck Your Ability to Walk, Talk, and Think | Bijlage 97 Gevaren van Vaccinaties (Mercola) | Bijlage 98: Ouders moeten geïnformeerd worden over de gevaren van vaccineren om een goede keus te kunnen maken | Bijlag 99: Zonnebrandmiddelen gevaarlijker dan zon als het gaat om huidkanker | Bijlage 100 Ignoring This Inflammatory Early Warning Signal Could Cost Your Life | Bijlage 101 Mijd Giffen, Niet Voedingsmiddelen! | Bijlage 102 Mentale rust | Bijlage 103: Voordelen van Kurkuma | Bijlage 104: Dr Mercola article Kruid tegen kanker | No Words | Bijlage 105: Dr Mercola: Sun , vitamin D and vitamin B3 crucial for longevity | Bijlage 106 Cowspiracy film en kritiek | Bijlage 107 Artemesia een effectief anti-malaria kruid | Bijlage 108, Chemotherapie is gevaarlijk | Bijlage 109 Canola oil, what is it, and is it good or bad for people? | Bijlage 110 Are peanuts good or bad for you? | Bijlage 111 Halloween recipes | Bijlage 112 Vaccinatieschade | Bijlage 113 Immigrants seek herbal remedies | Bijlage 114 more_doctors_confessing_to_intentionally_diagnosing_healthy_people_with_cancer | Bijlage 115 Dangers of vaccinating pregnant women | Bijlage 116 Omega 3-6-9 mengsel | Bijlage 117 Waarom er geen koolzaadolie zit in het omega 3-6-9- mengsel van de g4dv | Bijlage 118 Vaccinaties | Bijlage 119 Judy Wilyman, PhD on amti vaccination | Bijlage 120 Wetenschappelijke argumenten die de Keshe scam blootleggen | Bijlage 121 ECEH bacterie | Bijlage 122 grains | Bijlage 123 Make your own chocolate | Bijlage 124 Vaccine Violence | Bijlage 125 Italian court rules mercury and aluminum in vaccines cause autism: US media continues total blackout of medical truth | Bijlage 126 Dr Mercola: Vaccines and Neurological Damage | Bijlage 127 Why many doctors do not vaccinate their own children | Bijlage 128 These graphs show why many doctors don't vaccinate their own children | Bijlage 129 Leaflet Infanrix | Bijlage 130 Vaccine Madness | Bijlage 131 Japanse slachtoffers vaccin baarmoederhalskanker slepen overheid en farmareuzen voor de rechter | Bijlage 132 Pregnancy, labour, delivery and child care | Appendix 133 healing diet for our canine friends | Bijlage 134 Flowchart edible or non-edible | Bijlage 135 Keeping children healthy naturally | Bijlage 136 Vaccines and the Amygdala | Bijlage 137 Revolving door between politics and big pharma explained | Bijlage 138 Ingrediënten Vaccins | Bijlage 139: Medisch scheikundige geeft drie redenen waarom hij zijn kinderen niet laat vaccineren | Bijlage 140 Ryan's story | Bijlage 141 NVKP lezingen dr Hans Moolenburgh | Bijlage 142 HPV vaccine | Bijlage 143 Dr. Hans Moolenburgh over fluoride | Bijlage 144 Baby dies three days after getting six vaccines | Bijlage 145 Interview Trouw met Dr Hans Moolenburgh | Bijlage 146 Jacob van Lennep | Bijlage 147 Flow chart "to believe or not to believe medical or nutritional advice" | Appendix 148 The case experts make against vaccines | Apendix 149 Dr Mercola article: Experts admit Zika threat fraud | Appendix 150 Sudden deaths among health advocates | Appendix 151 Thimerosal | appendix 152 Herd immunity? | Appendix 153 Formaldehyde in vaccines | Appendix 154 Why doctor's say "Do not take the flu shot!" | Bijlage 155 Vaccineren? Natuurlijk niet! En wel hierom: | Appendix 156 Vaccine makers bypass WHO regulations | Bijlage 157 Het probleem van overbehandeling bij borstkanker | Bijlage 158 Chemotherapie vermoordt u | Bijlage 159 Borstbesparende operatie beter dan amputatie voor overlevingskansen bij borstkanker | Appendix 160 Vaccine induced bone fractures | Bijlage 161 hulpstoffen in Vaccins toegegeven door CDC | Appendix 162 meningitis: symptoms, how to prevent, how to treat | Appendix 163 Training of nutrtionists often shady | Appendix 164 Molecular Biochemist Dr.Lucija Tomljenovic, PhD, explains why vaccines not only don't work, but are extremely harmful and can be lethal as well | Appendix 165 CDC knew about MMR vaccine autism link as early as 1999, but covered it up | Appendix 166 Scientists at the vaccine safety debate January 2011 | Appendix 167 Vaccinated children 5 times more likely to contract auto immune diseases | Appendix 168 Before and after vaccine: this is what mass brain destruction looks like | Appendix 169 Hepatitis B | Appendix 170 Countries where vaccines are not mandatory and the nazi roots of vaccines and drugcompanies | Appendix 171 The dangers of soybean oil | Appendix 172 Vaccines do not protect against Measles | Appendix 173 HPV vaccine | Appendix 174 Hoogleraar Peter Gøtzsche over corruptie in de farmaceutische industrie | Appendix 175 Dr Arlan Cage | Appendix 176 How vaccines damage your immune system | Appendix 177 Vaccines are not tested properly | Appendix 178 Documentaries exposing pharma fraud | Appendix 179 Dr Suzanne Humphries | Appendix 180 Dr Russel Blaylock: Vaccinations can kill you or ruin your life | Appendix 181 Doctors who clearly explain why vaccines are neither safe nor effective | Appendix 182 Dr Sherri Tenpenny | Appendix 183 Alan Phillips attorney Vaccine Rights | Appendix 184 Dr Rebecca Carley | Appendix 185 Vaccines bargain basement of the medical industry, says Maurice Hilleman (who developed 36 vaccins) admits AIDS and Cancer causing virusses were added to vaccines | Appendix 186 Many independent studies show vaccine dangers, Damages paid by pharmaceutical companies for vaccine damahge | Appendix 187 The truth behind Vaccinations | Appendix 188: Guess what happened to Nazi war criminals responsible for the genoside of millions: After aquittal or a short prison sentence they went back to being CEO's for big Pharma! | Appendix 189: Mercola: What?s the Right Dose of Exercise for a Longer Life? | Appendix 190 What happened to Dr Mercola? | Bijlage 191: hoofd RIVM zegt Kindervaccinaties veroorzaken hersenvliesontsteking

Laatste wijziging op: 19-11-2015 12:01