Fish Consumption

Story at-a-glance

  • The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced it will update its outdated advisory for fish consumption among pregnant women and other high risk groups, but has not revealed when the revised advisory will be made public
  • The seafood industry is angling for favorable publicity to pressure FDA to relax warnings about mercury exposure risks from consuming certain fish
  • In November, the US ratified the Minamata Convention on Mercury, thereby recognizing mercury as a major global pollutant, and promising to take steps to reduce mercury exposure
  • The US could embarrass itself internationally if it doesn’t follow the latest science and provide pregnant women with the information they need to protect their developing babies from exposure to higher mercury seafood
  • Two consumer advocacy groups have filed a lawsuit against the FDA, calling for warning labels about the health hazards of high-mercury fish
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Will the FDA Adjust Recommendations For Pregnant Women Dangerously High?

 
April 15, 2014 | 29,094 views
 
 
 

 

By Dr. Mercola

Fish has always been the best source for the animal-based omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.

However, as the understanding of mercury's toxic effects has grown, it has become even more critical to ensure you are choosing the right fish so you can receive the benefits of the healthful fats that many low mercury fish provide, as explained recently by a leading expert from Harvard Medical School.1

The question of which fish you should eat and avoid is receiving renewed attention, as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) stand poised to update the national advisory for fish consumption for pregnant women, nursing mothers, women of childbearing age, and young children.2

While the Agencies have yet to announce what the new advice will say, or when the updated advisory might be made public, the prospect of new recommendations have already unleashed a public relations fight.

40 Tons of Mercury Are Released Into the Air in the US Every Year

Let's first understand how mercury winds up in our fish and seafood. It all circles back primarily to how most energy in the world is generated. Sadly, even in the 21st century the majority of U.S. man-made emissions are released from burning coal laced with mercury.

Combustion in power plants of coal containing mercury is a major source of environmental pollution. Mercury pollution from coal-fired power plants and other sources moves through the air and is deposited in water and finds its way into fish, accumulating especially in fish that are higher up the food chain.

The good news is that about 70 percent of tested  wild caught fish consumed in the US contain relatively low levels of mercury.3 However, fish like tuna, marlin, shark, barracuda, and swordfish have some of the highest levels of contamination.

This is due to the fact that the oceans and thousands of water bodies have been seriously polluted. As a result, pregnant women who should be especially careful to consume the right types of fish.  It is quite certain that consuming fish is a crucial part of your diet, but you should be sure to optimize with the right kinds of fish - to receive maximum benefits with minimal mercury exposure.

That's because the toxic heavy metal can cross the placenta to harm the rapidly developing nervous system, including the brain. Studies have associated prenatal methylmercury exposure with impaired development of sensory, motor, and cognitive functions, resulting in learning difficulties, poor coordination, and inability to concentrate.

About 10 percent of the US population—including many children, pregnant women, and women of childbearing age, in particular—have mercury levels above the levels currently recommended for fetal and child health.

Seafood Industry Pressures FDA

The seafood industry is suggesting that the updated advisory will relax warnings against consuming certain fish containing high mercury levels. Industry executives, speaking last month at a trade show in Boston, said they expected the FDA to change the advisory in a way to get people to eat more tuna and other seafood. For example, John Connelly, president of the trade organization National Fisheries Institute has said:4

"Whether it be pregnant women, nursing moms, or guys [in their 50s], you're better off eating seafood, your risk is not eating enough seafood. I think the government is understanding that now."

Christopher Lischewski, chief executive of Bumble Bee Foods LLC, one of the largest canned tuna companies in North America, recently made a similar statement:5

"Based on the accurate science they've looked at since [2004], FDA recognizes they made an error in 2004 in putting out a mercury advisory that had no scientific merit."

No scientific merit? That may be a stretch, as the industry appears to have overlooked more than a dozen epidemiology studies over the past decade that have reported adverse effects of mercury on brain development at levels as low as one-tenth of what was thought to be harmful ten years ago when the advisory was written.6 These studies found no threshold level below which prenatal methylmercury exposure has no adverse effects

The new Minamata Convention on Mercury,7 named after the fishing village in Japan where a severe poisoning incident occurred, has as its symbol a fish. That's because the treaty's main objective is to reduce human exposure to mercury through a range of provisions designed to reduce uses and emissions of mercury from major sources, like coal-fired power plants.

Time is of the essence when it comes to reducing mercury emissions. That's because mercury can circulate in the global environment for decades, making it "...likely to be several years or decades before reductions in mercury emissions have a demonstrable effect on mercury levels in nature and the food chain," according to the United Nations Environment Program.

In the meantime, sufficiently health protective mercury advisories are necessary to inform women of child bearing age about fish consumption both before and during pregnancy. Such advisories should try to balance two objectives: 

  1. Promoting fish consumption for its nutritional benefits (including important benefits to the developing fetus)
  2. Protecting the exquisitely sensitive fetal nervous system from the toxic effects of methylmercury exposure

Caught Up in 'Wishful Thinking'

The 2004 EPA/FDA guidance instructs women of childbearing age, pregnant women, young children, and nursing mothers to limit their consumption of albacore tuna to a maximum of six ounces per week and abstain completely from swordfish, tilefish, shark, and king mackerel.

This is due to high mercury levels in these larger fish. According to the EPA/FDA advisory, some fish and shellfish "contain higher levels of mercury that may harm an unborn baby or young child's developing nervous system."

Unfortunately, while most consumers understand that (a) fish have significant health benefits, and (b) that fish contain mercury, most do not know which fish are high and low in mercury.

Rather than encouraging pregnant women to eat, say less tuna and more salmon, the industry insists (against the weight of scientific evidence) that all fish are beneficial, regardless of the mercury content, even though only a relatively small percentage of fish species have higher mercury levels.8

Which is why some of the fishing industry is now trying to "psych out" the FDA by predicting that the agency's new fish advisory will lean in their favor. This, however, may be little more than wishful thinking, as suggested in the Wall Street Journal:9,10

"'It's 'wishful thinking' on the part of the seafood industry to think the updated advisory will tell those in the at-risk groups to eat more tuna,' said Carl Safina, president and founder of the environmental group Blue Ocean Institute. 'The FDA is considering changes to its advice,' he said. 'No one apparently knows what they are considering… so it's fantasy for fishermen to think the advice on tuna will be relaxed.'"

I've previously addressed the issue of what fish to safely eat during and before pregnancy, noting that while eating fish certainly has important health benefits, it's really critical to use discernment

The challenge is to find and choose the 25 varieties of fish and shellfish that qualify as low or very low in mercury.11 Several of them are quite high in omega-3s. Wild-caught Alaskan salmon, for example, is one very low mercury fish. Tuna is by far the largest source of mercury exposure in our diet, and anyone who wants to reduce their mercury intake needs to eat less tuna.  The tuna population has also been decimated due to over-fishing, I believe it is best to avoid tuna and make better choices when consuming seafood.

Advocacy Groups Sue FDA for Failure to Warn About Mercury Levels

Last month, on behalf of the Mercury Policy Project (MPP) and the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), Earth Justice filed a lawsuit12, 13 against the FDA. The groups are suing FDA for failing to respond to a July 2011 petition in which the groups asked the Agency to give consumers clear, accurate and accessible information about toxic mercury in the seafood they eat.

According to Michael Bender, MPP's director, the FDA's recommendations are both out-of-date, and do not reach the people who need them most—pregnant women, parents of young children, and heavy fish eaters. A package label would rectify that problem. As reported by Bloomberg Business Week:14

"The Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Mercury Policy Project filed a lawsuit... against the Food and Drug Administration requesting regulations to label fish containing high levels of mercury and include information on what levels of consumption are safe. They also want the government to require supermarkets to display this information on signs at the fish counter...

According to the complaint, hundreds of thousands of children in the US. are born every year with elevated blood mercury levels caused by their mothers' consumption of fish and shellfish contaminated with methylmercury, a neurotoxin that has been linked to learning disabilities, lowered IQ, and impaired cognitive and nervous system functioning." 

Despite the fact that the FDA is charged with consumer safety and protecting the public from harmful contaminants, it repeatedly falls short of this task. Thirteen years ago, the CSPI filed a petition with the FDA requesting warning labels on high-mercury fish,15but the agency never responded. It was legally required to do so within 180 days. The current lawsuit seeks a court ordered deadline for the FDA to make a final decision on the issue. 

Mercury Levels in Fish

Your total mercury exposure depends on two factors: which fish you eat and the amount of fish you eat. As noted by Bender, "this critical fact is often obscured by industry exhortations to 'eat more fish,' without regard to mercury content."  

Mercury content can vary 100-fold from one species to another, so it certainly makes sense to pay close attention to which fish are on the high side and which are on the low end. For example, research16 published in 2010, which quantified the contributions to total mercury in the US seafood supply by 51 different varieties of fish and shellfish, found that tuna was responsible for more than one-third of Americans' total exposure to methylmercury.17 According to the author:

"The analysis performed here identifies the relative importance of different fish and shellfish as sources of mercury in the US seafood supply and proposes improved consumer advice, so that the public can benefit from fish consumption while minimizing mercury exposure. Except for swordfish, most fish with the highest mercury levels are relatively minor contributors to total inputs.

Tuna (canned light, canned albacore and fresh/frozen varieties) accounts for 37.4 percent of total mercury inputs, while two-thirds of the seafood supply and nine of the 11 most heavily consumed fish and shellfish are low or very low in mercury. Substantial improvement in risk communication about mercury in fish and seafood is needed; in particular, several population subsets need better guidance to base their seafood choices more explicitly on mercury content."

For a handy list that you can print out for reference, please see the Mercury Policy Project's guide to mercury levels in different varieties of fish and shellfish.18 Among the safest are shrimp and salmon. Canned tuna, mackerel, swordfish, grouper, marlin, and orange roughy have some of the highest levels of mercury levels. For even more information about mercury in fish, I recommend reviewing MPP's website, Mercury and Fish: The Facts.

Parents: Beware of Feeding Your Child Too Much Canned Tuna

A 2012 report19 by the Mercury Policy Project offers risk management advice for schools and parents, and warns that canned tuna is a major source of mercury exposure in children. Based on average contamination levels in tested samples, small children should eat light tuna no more than twice a month, and albacore tuna should be avoided entirely. The report also recommends that if your child eats tuna once per week or more, you should have their blood tested for mercury. If the result is over 5 micrograms per liter (ug/L), his or her consumption should be restricted.

Keep in mind that methylmercury harms a person's nervous system to differing degrees, depending on how much mercury you've accumulated. At above average doses, brain functions such as reaction time, judgment, and language can be impaired. At very high exposures, mercury can affect your ability to walk, speak, think, and see clearly. Another 2012 study20 that evaluated the effects of mercury on cognition in otherwise healthy adults found that those with blood mercury levels below 5 µg/L had the best cognitive functions. Mild impairment was evident at blood mercury levels of 5 to 15 µg/L and above 15 µg/L, cognition was significantly impaired.

Tell the FDA Where You Stand on Mercury Warnings

Given the above facts, let the FDA know where you stand! To make your voice heard, email or call FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, either via email or a telephone call.

To contact FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg directly, you can call her at (301) 796-5000, or send her an email:Margaret.Hamburg@fda.hhs.gov.

You can also contact your representatives by visiting the US Congress Members page.

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/04/15/pregnancy-fish-consumption.aspx?e_cid=20140415Z2_DNL_art_1&utm_source=dnl&utm_medium=email&utm_content=art1&utm_campaign=20140415Z2&et_cid=DM42611&et_rid=487518052

Please Eat Fish, Just Make Sure It's Low in Mercury

Remember, you don't need to quit eating fish altogether. But you DO need to be aware of which fish are safer to eat, and which you'll want to eat only rarely, if at all. As stated by Edward Groth,21 an independent food safety consultant and author of the report titled: "An Overview of Epidemiological Evidence on the Effects of Methylmercury on Brain Development, and a Rationale for a Lower Definition of Tolerable Exposure:"22

"If women are eating less fish because they're confused, and there's some evidence that's the case, then we're not getting the result we want. The secret is to get women to eat more low-mercury fish."

To take advantage of the health benefits of fish, avoid eating large predatory fish that are high on the food chain. An excellent choice is wild-caught Alaskan salmon. The reason for this is that it contains some of the highest amounts of beneficial omega-3 fats, in combination with being among the least contaminated. Yet there are many other good choices as well, that you can find on the FDA23 and MPP24 websites.

 

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Disachariden, 3 polyol, 4 producten met aspartaam, 5 Giftige E nummers in degelijk lijkende produkten, 6 Safety card Natronloog of te wel E524, toevoeging van sommige cacao merken!, 7 Soja, | Appendix 7a Sucralose | Bijlage 8 Vitaminen, Mineralen, Sporenelementen, Eiwitten, Vetten, Koolhydraten in Voedingsmiddelen, Kruiden | Bijlage 9 Himalayazout | Bijlage 10 Toxic Ingredients You Should Avoid | Bijlage 11 Bijwerkingen Ritalin(Methylfenidraat) | Bijlage 12 Aspartaam, hoe een stof wat gaten in de hersens van muizen brandt veilig voor menselijke consumptie werd bevonden. | Bijlage 13 Hypoglycemia | Bijlage 14 Budwig | Bijlage 14a Geitenmelk: waarom het lichter verteerbaar is dan koemelk | Bijlage 15 E nummers | Bijlage 16 Cadeaus om te vermijden | Bijlage 17: Dieetmaatregelen tegen kanker | Bijlage 18 "Hoe tanden in elkaar zitten." | Bijlage 19 kankercellen uitroeien door suikers te vervangen door gezonde vetten | bijlage 20 meer over kankergenezing | bijlage 21 Zuurzak Soursop | Bijlage 22 Crisis en oplossingen: roggker=recht op gezondheid, geluk, kennis en rechtvaardigheid | Bijlage 23 Milieuschandalen (hier stond eerst de G4dv, die is verplaatst naar de beginpagina) | Bijlage 24 Het Echte Nieuws over gif in het milieu | Bijlage 24 a Hout | Bijlage 25 vooronderzoek G4dieet | Bijlage 26 Vooronderzoek TVtandpasta | Bijlage 27 Voorbeelden van de denkfout in de Westerse Medische Wetenschap, waardoor ze steeds de plank misslaan als het aankomt op bepalen wat gezonde voeding is: Calcium en beta caroteen | Bijlage 28 Kruiden | Bijlage 29 Vitamines, Mineralen, eiwitten, vetten em koolhydraten | Bijlage 30 Gevaar van magnetron en vooral van in voedsel in plasticbakken verwarmen | bijlage 31 Schema voedingsmiddelen:vitamines, mineralen, eiwitten, vetten en koolhydraten | Bijlage 32 Schema Bedenkelijke stoffen, E-nummers, toevoegingen, giffen | Gifvrij dieet en Gifvrije verzorging | Bijlage 33 kankerbestrijding | bijlage 34 Het gevaar van pinda's | Bijlage 35 Proteïnen in yoghurt | Bijlage 36 Eten uit de natuur | Bijlage 37 Superfoods: a.Aloë Vera, b.Omega 3-6-9 olie, c.Kefir, d.Kombucha, e.Yoghurt, f.Cranberrysap,g. Gember, h.walnoten, i. zonnebloempitten, j. bosbessen, k.zeewier, l.wortelsap, m.ginkgobiloba,n. guldenroede, o.peu dárco, p. driekleurig | Bijlage 37 a. Aloe Vera | Bijlage 38 The Problem with Wheat | Bijlage 39 Himalaya Zout vs De rotzooi die voor zout doorgaat | Bijlage 40 Benefits of Goats milk over Cows milk | Bijlage 41 The problem with most vegetable oils and margarine | bijlage 42 for healthy bones calcium, vitamin D, vitamine k2, magnesium, trace elements | Bijlage 43 The dangers of acrylamide (carbohydrates baked above 210 degrees Celcius) | Bijlage 44 Gevaren van plastic, aluminium en andere verpakkingsmaterialen | bijlage 45 Dangers of Fishoil and better sources for omega 3 | bijlage 46 fruit tegen kanker (aardbeien, cranberries etc) | bijlage 47 Hoog tijd voor een nieuwe schijf van 5 | bijlage 48 Uitleg hoe inentingen autisme veroorzaken door glutamaat productie in de hersenen te stimuleren wat schadelijk is voor de hersenen en voor de hersen ontwikkeling | bijlage 49 Korte Geschiedenis van Monsanto, pagina van Dr Mercola± In Amerika vechten ze voor wat hier heel gewoon is±etiketten waar op staat wat er in voedsel zit. | Bijlage 50 Nep ADHD diagnoses | Bijlage 51 Vrouw vertelt over uitgelekt NASA document over oorlog tegen de mensheid | bijlage 52 Bij medicijn dat zogenaamd cholesterol verlaagd juist 52$ hogere kans op plak in de aderen rondom het hart/ 52@ higher chance of heart plaque when tajking certain cholesterol lowering medicines. | Bijlage 53 Welke oliën zijn veilig om te verhitten? | Bijlage 54 Dr Mercola over Genetisch Gemanipuleerd voedsel"de tekenen dat de hegemonie van Monsanto begint te tanen | bijlage 55 Dr Mercola: genetisch gemanipuleerd voedsel: ontworpen om insecten te doden, maar het maakt ook onze cellen kapot. | Bijlage 56 Dr Mercola Alzeheimer detectie methode, en g4dv ook preventief voor Alzheimer | Bijlage 57 Het einde van het antibiotisch tijdperk aangebroken door toenemend aantal antibiotica resistente bacteriën, Ook hierop is de g4dv een antwoord. | Bijlage 58 Vaccinaties gaan om geld, niet om ziektebestrijding | Bijlage 59 Artikel Dr. Mercola over kankerverwekkende zaken in persoonlijke verzorgings- en huishoud producten | Bijlage 60 Dr. Mercola: Pesticiden kunnen neurologische schade aanrichten, gebruik liever etherische olie voor huisdieren en plant liever goudsbloem in de tuin | Bijlage 61 5 miljoen chronisch zieken in Nederland, zorg VS ook waardeloos | Bijlage 62 Gevaar vaccinaties | Bijlage 63: Gevaren antibiotica in vlees (artikel va Dr. Mercola) | Bijlage 64: Gevaren Testosteron behandeling | Bijlage 65 transvetten zijn de boosdoeners, verzadigde vetten zijn juist goed! 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De meeste helpen ons. Zullen we hun ook helpen? | Bijlage 85 Belang van licht en slaap | Bijlage 86 Artikel Dr Mercola over vergissingen in voeding die tot voedings tekorten leiden. | Bijlage 87 In Amerika beïnvloedt Junkfoodindustrie diëtistenopleidingen | bijlage 88 Dr Coldwell: Elke kanker kan in 2 tot 16 weken genezen worden | Bijlage 89: Want to Know over Tetanus | Bijlage 90: Dr. Russel Blaylock | Bijlage 91 Wat zijn opvliegers? | Bijlage 92, Dr Mercola: One in 25 Patients End Up with Hospital-Acquired Infections, CDC Warns | Bijlage 93 Dr Mercola Toxic Combo of Roundup and Fertilizers Blamed for Tens of Thousands of Deaths | Bijlqge 94 New Studies Show Optimizing Vitamin D Levels May Double Chances of Surviving Breast Cancer, Lower LDL Cholesterol, and Helps Prevent Autism | Bijlage 95, Dr.Mercola: How Vitamin D Performance Testing Can Help Optimize Your Health | Bijlage 96: Be Wary About This Food - It Can Wreck Your Ability to Walk, Talk, and Think | Bijlage 97 Gevaren van Vaccinaties (Mercola) | Bijlage 98: Ouders moeten geïnformeerd worden over de gevaren van vaccineren om een goede keus te kunnen maken | Bijlag 99: Zonnebrandmiddelen gevaarlijker dan zon als het gaat om huidkanker | Bijlage 100 Ignoring This Inflammatory Early Warning Signal Could Cost Your Life | Bijlage 101 Mijd Giffen, Niet Voedingsmiddelen! | Bijlage 102 Mentale rust | Bijlage 103: Voordelen van Kurkuma | Bijlage 104: Dr Mercola article Kruid tegen kanker | No Words | Bijlage 105: Dr Mercola: Sun , vitamin D and vitamin B3 crucial for longevity | Bijlage 106 Cowspiracy film en kritiek | Bijlage 107 Artemesia een effectief anti-malaria kruid | Bijlage 108, Chemotherapie is gevaarlijk | Bijlage 109 Canola oil, what is it, and is it good or bad for people? | Bijlage 110 Are peanuts good or bad for you? | Bijlage 111 Halloween recipes | Bijlage 112 Vaccinatieschade | Bijlage 113 Immigrants seek herbal remedies | Bijlage 114 more_doctors_confessing_to_intentionally_diagnosing_healthy_people_with_cancer | Bijlage 115 Dangers of vaccinating pregnant women | Bijlage 116 Omega 3-6-9 mengsel | Bijlage 117 Waarom er geen koolzaadolie zit in het omega 3-6-9- mengsel van de g4dv | Bijlage 118 Vaccinaties | Bijlage 119 Judy Wilyman, PhD on amti vaccination | Bijlage 120 Wetenschappelijke argumenten die de Keshe scam blootleggen | Bijlage 121 ECEH bacterie | Bijlage 122 grains | Bijlage 123 Make your own chocolate | Bijlage 124 Vaccine Violence | Bijlage 125 Italian court rules mercury and aluminum in vaccines cause autism: US media continues total blackout of medical truth | Bijlage 126 Dr Mercola: Vaccines and Neurological Damage | Bijlage 127 Why many doctors do not vaccinate their own children | Bijlage 128 These graphs show why many doctors don't vaccinate their own children | Bijlage 129 Leaflet Infanrix | Bijlage 130 Vaccine Madness | Bijlage 131 Japanse slachtoffers vaccin baarmoederhalskanker slepen overheid en farmareuzen voor de rechter | Bijlage 132 Pregnancy, labour, delivery and child care | Appendix 133 healing diet for our canine friends | Bijlage 134 Flowchart edible or non-edible | Bijlage 135 Keeping children healthy naturally | Bijlage 136 Vaccines and the Amygdala | Bijlage 137 Revolving door between politics and big pharma explained | Bijlage 138 Ingrediënten Vaccins | Bijlage 139: Medisch scheikundige geeft drie redenen waarom hij zijn kinderen niet laat vaccineren | Bijlage 140 Ryan's story | Bijlage 141 NVKP lezingen dr Hans Moolenburgh | Bijlage 142 HPV vaccine | Bijlage 143 Dr. Hans Moolenburgh over fluoride | Bijlage 144 Baby dies three days after getting six vaccines | Bijlage 145 Interview Trouw met Dr Hans Moolenburgh | Bijlage 146 Jacob van Lennep | Bijlage 147 Flow chart "to believe or not to believe medical or nutritional advice" | Appendix 148 The case experts make against vaccines | Apendix 149 Dr Mercola article: Experts admit Zika threat fraud | Appendix 150 Sudden deaths among health advocates | Appendix 151 Thimerosal | appendix 152 Herd immunity? | Appendix 153 Formaldehyde in vaccines | Appendix 154 Why doctor's say "Do not take the flu shot!" | Bijlage 155 Vaccineren? Natuurlijk niet! En wel hierom: | Appendix 156 Vaccine makers bypass WHO regulations | Bijlage 157 Het probleem van overbehandeling bij borstkanker | Bijlage 158 Chemotherapie vermoordt u | Bijlage 159 Borstbesparende operatie beter dan amputatie voor overlevingskansen bij borstkanker | Appendix 160 Vaccine induced bone fractures | Bijlage 161 hulpstoffen in Vaccins toegegeven door CDC | Appendix 162 meningitis: symptoms, how to prevent, how to treat | Appendix 163 Training of nutrtionists often shady | Appendix 164 Molecular Biochemist Dr.Lucija Tomljenovic, PhD, explains why vaccines not only don't work, but are extremely harmful and can be lethal as well | Appendix 165 CDC knew about MMR vaccine autism link as early as 1999, but covered it up | Appendix 166 Scientists at the vaccine safety debate January 2011 | Appendix 167 Vaccinated children 5 times more likely to contract auto immune diseases | Appendix 168 Before and after vaccine: this is what mass brain destruction looks like | Appendix 169 Hepatitis B | Appendix 170 Countries where vaccines are not mandatory and the nazi roots of vaccines and drugcompanies | Appendix 171 The dangers of soybean oil | Appendix 172 Vaccines do not protect against Measles | Appendix 173 HPV vaccine | Appendix 174 Hoogleraar Peter Gøtzsche over corruptie in de farmaceutische industrie | Appendix 175 Dr Arlan Cage | Appendix 176 How vaccines damage your immune system | Appendix 177 Vaccines are not tested properly | Appendix 178 Documentaries exposing pharma fraud | Appendix 179 Dr Suzanne Humphries | Appendix 180 Dr Russel Blaylock: Vaccinations can kill you or ruin your life | Appendix 181 Doctors who clearly explain why vaccines are neither safe nor effective | Appendix 182 Dr Sherri Tenpenny | Appendix 183 Alan Phillips attorney Vaccine Rights | Appendix 184 Dr Rebecca Carley | Appendix 185 Vaccines bargain basement of the medical industry, says Maurice Hilleman (who developed 36 vaccins) admits AIDS and Cancer causing virusses were added to vaccines | Appendix 186 Many independent studies show vaccine dangers, Damages paid by pharmaceutical companies for vaccine damahge | Appendix 187 The truth behind Vaccinations | Appendix 188: Guess what happened to Nazi war criminals responsible for the genoside of millions: After aquittal or a short prison sentence they went back to being CEO's for big Pharma! | Appendix 189: Mercola: What?s the Right Dose of Exercise for a Longer Life? | Appendix 190 What happened to Dr Mercola? | Bijlage 191: hoofd RIVM zegt Kindervaccinaties veroorzaken hersenvliesontsteking

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